Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) is damage caused by electrostatic energy released between two physical objects with different voltage potentials.

As populated printed circuit boards are electrically conductive, the slightest amount of electrostatic discharge can cause irreparable damage to components on the board that work at different voltages, Therefore, protecting your PCBs with ESD protective elements such as bench mats , wrist bands and cords and correct static dissipative chairs to take all charges at a measured rate down safely to earth could mean the safety of your production line.